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ሴፕተምበር 28፣ የማወቅ መብት መታሰቢያ ቀን
Sep 29th, 2017 by Publisher News Group

 

ሴፕተምበር 28፣ 2017

ሴፕተምበር 28፣ የማወቅ መብት መታሰቢያ ቀን

የማወቅ መብት፣ ሰብአዊ መብት ነው።

 

 SOCEPP-CAN Editorial

የመረጃ ማግኘት ነፃነትን በተመለከተ የተሰባሰቡ የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋቾች፣ ከሴፕተምበር 26 – 28 2002 (እአአ) በቡልጋሪያ ዋና ከተማ ሶፍያ ላይ ያካሄዱትን ስብሰባቸውን ሲጨርሱ በየዓመቱ ሴፕተምበር 28ትን “የማወቅ መብት መታሰቢያ ቀን” (The Right To Know Day) ሆኖ እንዲከበር ስምምነት ላይ ደረሱ፡፡ ይህን ውሳኔ የወሰኑት ከ15 አገሮች የመጡ የመብት ታጋዮች ሲሆኑ ከዚያን ጊዜ ጀምሮ በያመቱ ዕለቱ የሚታሰብባቸው ሀገሮች ቁጥር እየጨመረ በመሄድ ላይ ነው።

 

ይህ ቀን በሀገራችን በኢትዮጵያም የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋቾች በይፋና ያለ አንዳች መሸማቀቅ የሚያከብሩበት ቀን እንደሚመጣ እንታገላለን፣ ቀኑ እሩቅ እደማይሆንም ተስፋ እናደርጋለን።

 

በሀገራችን በኢትዮጵያ ይህ መብት ሙሉ በሙሉ የተጨፈለቀ በመሆኑ መንግስት ከህግ በላይ ነው.። ተጠያቂነት የሚባል ነገር አይታወቅም፣ ጥፋት የፈጸሙ ባለስልጣኖች አላንዳች ተጠያቂነት በስህተት ላይ ስህተት፣ በጥፋት ላይ ጥፋት እየሰሩ እንዲቀጥሉ ይደረጋል። የፀጥታ ሀይሎቹ በተከታታይ ሰው ሲያሰቃዩ ሲገድሉ ማንም አይጠይቃቸውም ለፍርድም አይቀርቡም፣ ። ባጭሩ ተጠያቂነት የለም፣ መንግስት ከተጠያቂነት በላይ ነው ማለት ነው።

 

የሀገሪቱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስቴር በይፋ በቴሌቪዥን ቀርበው ሀገራችን ውስጥ የግል እሰር ቤቶች አሉ ብለው በመናገር ህዝባችን ምን ያህል ሰብአዊ መብቱ አየተረገጠ እንደሆነ በተናገሩባት ሀገር የዜጎች የማወቅ መብት የታፈነ በመሆኑ እነዚህ የግል እስር ቤቶች የት እንደሆኑ፣ የሚያንቀሳቅሱዋቸውስ አነማን እንደሆኑ አሁንም መንግስት ለህዝብ ይፋ አላደረገም። ግልጰነት ስለሌለና የማወቅ መብት ስለታፈነም የተባሉት እስር ቤቶች መዘጋት አለመዘጋታቸው፤ ወንጀሉን የሰሩት ግለሰቦችም ይሁኑ ቡድኖች ለፍርድ መቅረብ አለመቅረባቸው የሚታወቅ ነገር የለም።

 

የማወቅ መብት የተነፈገባት ሀገራችን ውስጥ እጅግ ብዙ ዜጎች በፖለቲካ አመለካከታቸው የተነሳ የት እንደገቡ አይታወቅም፡፣ ስለተሰወረ ሰው ጠይቆ መልስ ማግኘትም አይቻልም። ራሱ ለመጠየቅ መሞከርም ወንጀል ነው፡።

 

የማወቅ መብት በታፈነበት መንግስት ስር የምትገኘው ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ የሀገሪቱን ሀብት የሚመዘብሩ ባለስልጣኖች ጉዳይ ተሸፋፍኖ ይታለፋል። ለህወሀት ኢህአዴግ ታማኝ እስከሆኑ ድረስ ተጠያቂነት የሚባል ነገር ቦታ የለውም፡ ባለስልጣናቱ ተጠያቂ የሚሆኑት ከስርአቱ ጋር ግጭት ውስጥ ሲገቡ ብቻ ነው።

 

የማወቅ መብት ሰብአዊ መብት ነው። የማወቅ መብት አንድ ዜጋ መንግስት ስለሚሰራቸው የተለያዩ ጉዳዮች የማወቅ ሙሉ መብቱ ሊረጋገጥለት እንደሚገባ ፣ መንግስትም የሚሰራውን ስራ ለዜጎች በማሳወቅ ግልፅና ተጠያቂ እንዲሆን የሚያግዝ መሳሪያ ነው። ዜጎች የራሳቸውን መብት ማረጋገጥ ብቻ ሳይሆን መንግስትንም ተጠያቂ የሚያደርጉበት መሳሪያ ነው።

 

የማወቅ መብት ሲረጋገጥ ዜጎች መንግስት የሚያሳልፋቸው ውሳኔዎች፣ በምን መሰረት ላይ ተመርኩዞ እንደሆነ ለማረጋገጥ እድል ይሰጣቸዋል። መንግስትንም ለሚወስደው እርምጃ ሁሉ ተጠያቂ ያደርገዋል። የሀገሪቱን ንብረት ማባከንና ምዝበራ እንዳይኖር ዜጎች በመንግስት ላይ ቁጥጥር እንዲኖራቸው ያግዛል። በስልጣን በመባለግ፣ ከህግ ውጭ በሆነ መልክ ወዘተ መንግስት የሚወሰዳቸውን እርምጃወች እንዴትና በማን እንደተወሰኑ በትክክል በመረዳት ለሚፈፀሙ ስህተቶችም ተጠያቂ የሆነው ግለሰብ ወይም ቡድን በትክክል እንዲጠየቅ ያሰችላል።

 

ባጠቃላይ ይህ መብት ሲከበር ዜጎች የበላይ እንደሆኑ መንግስት ደግሞ የህዝብ ቁጥጥር እንዳለበት ፣ ተጠሪነቱም ለህዝብ እንደሆነ በትክክል ያመለክታል።የማወቅ መብትና ፣ጨምሮ የህዝባችንን ሰብአዊና ዴሞክራሲአዊ መብቶች ሙሉ በሙሉ ለማስከበር በሚደረገው ትግል ግቡን እንዲመታ ጥረታችን ይቀጥላል።

 

US calls for probe into Ethiopia ethnic clashes
Sep 23rd, 2017 by Publisher News Group

“We urge the Ethiopian government to conduct a transparent investigation into all allegations of violence and to hold those responsible accountable,” the embassy said in a statement. Read More

What is behind clashes in Ethiopia’s Oromia and Somali regions?
Sep 23rd, 2017 by Publisher News Group

In February and March, hundreds were reported to have been killed in the southern Oromia district of Negele Borena after an incursion by a paramilitary force called the Liyu Police, which is backed by the Somali region. Read More

Ethiopia: 55,000 People Displaced Amid Ethnic Clashes
Sep 23rd, 2017 by Publisher News Group

Ethiopia: 55,000 people displaced amid ethnic clashes.

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia (AP) – More than 55,000 ethnic Oromos have been displaced from Ethiopia’s Somali region after a week of clashes with Somalis in which dozens were killed, the regional government of Ethiopia’s restive Oromia region said on Sunday.

The statement from the Oromia government follows claims by Somali regional officials earlier this week that more than 50 people were killed in an attack against ethnic Somalis in Aweday town. Read More

 

Timeline: Human Rights Situation in Ethiopia
Sep 9th, 2017 by Publisher News Group

Timeline: Human Rights Situation in Ethiopia Sparked by the Ethiopian Government’s plan to incorporate parts of the Oromia region surrounding Addis Ababa to the capital municipality in 2014, the Oromo people, the largest Ethiopian ethnicity, have used the latest round of protests that started in November 2015 to make their more basic grievances of lacking political participation and persecution on grounds of ethnicity heard. In all cases, the Government met their people’s expression of discontent with excessive and often lethal force, leaving more than a thousand Oromo dead within less than a year. (Read More)

UN rights chief: Ethiopia blocked access to protest areas
May 6th, 2017 by Publisher News Group

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia (AP) — Ethiopian officials have blocked United Nations access to areas that experienced deadly protests during one of the country’s most violent periods in recent memory, the U.N. human rights chief said Thursday.

Zeid Ra’ad al-Hussein spoke during a three-day visit to the East African nation at the government’s invitation. Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn has rejected United Nations and other outside requests to investigate the months of anti-government protests demanding more political freedoms. (Read More)

U.N. human rights chief pushes for inquiry into Ethiopia unrest
May 6th, 2017 by Publisher News Group

By Aaron Maasho | ADDIS ABABA

The United Nations human rights chief said on Thursday he would push Ethiopia to allow his agency to investigate rights abuses during months of unrest in 2015 and 2016 in which hundreds of people were killed. (Read More)

Bishu Mining and Human Rights
May 6th, 2017 by Publisher News Group

SOCEPP Editor’s Note

Bisha Mining is an Eritrean company formed for the development and operation of the Bisha Mine in western Eritrea.  It is owned by a Canadian based Nevsun Resources Ltd. (60%) and the Eritrean National Mining Corporation (ENAMCO) (40%).

The labourers at the mining are allegedly participants of National Service Program. This is a program, according to one UN report, administered “similar to slavery in its effects”.   In relation to this, Human Rights Watch in its January 2013 report entitled- Hear No Evil: Forced Labor and Corporate Responsibility in Eritrea’s Mining Sector– stated that “Nevsun’s experiences show that by developing projects in Eritrea, mining firms are walking into a potential minefield of human rights problems. Most notably they risk getting entangled in the Eritrean government’s uniquely abusive program of indefinite forced labor—the inaptly-named national service program. Through this program the Eritrean government keeps an enormous number of Eritreans under perpetual government control as conscripts. Originally conceived as an 18-month program, the national service scheme now requires all able-bodied men and most women to serve indefinitely, often for years and with no end in sight, under harsh and abusive conditions. Those who try to flee risk imprisonment, torture, and even reprisals directed against their families.”( https://www.hrw.org/report/2013/01/15/hear-no-evil/forced-labor-and-corporate-responsibility-eritreas-mining-sector )

Victims did not sit with their hands folded. In November of 2014, Gize Yebeyo Araya, Kesete Tekle Fshazion and Mihretab Yemane Tekle filed a lawsuit against Nevsun Resources in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.  The number of accusers now has increased and reached 48. However, the company is still operating in Eritrea well along with the brutal dictator of the region.

The current dictatorial leader of Eritrea and his government with whom Nevsun is working is the cause for thousands of citizens fleeing home only to perish in the high seas. Concerned citizens have joined hands to fight against any corporation that makes a deal with dictators who treat their fellow citizens in no different way than slaves were treated centuries ago.

As a strong player in the global mining industry, Canada and the Canadian government have responsibility to make sure that Canadian mining companies and the likes  fulfill their social responsibility wherever they may operate.

Currently Freedom United reports that community members joined Vancouver’s Mining Justice Alliance outside Nevsun Resources’ Annual General Meeting to present over 180,000 signatures on petitions calling for the company’s shareholders to divest from operations in Eritrea, a country where forced labour is widespread.  To read more on this please go to the News Release

SOCEP –Canada joins the call for Nevsun Resources Investors to divest over abuses at Eritrea mine.

Injustice anywhere is injustice everywhere.

UN rights chief to visit Ethiopia after deadly protests
Apr 29th, 2017 by Publisher News Group

UN rights chief to visit Ethiopia after deadly protests

Published April 28, 2017 · Associated Press

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia – The United Nations says the U.N. human rights chief will visit Ethiopia next month at the invitation of the government, which has rejected U.N. and other outside offers to investigate months of deadly protests. (Read More)

2017 World Press Freedom Index – tipping point | RSF
Apr 28th, 2017 by Publisher News Group

The 2017 World Press Freedom Index compiled by Reporters Without Borders (RSF) reflects a world in which attacks on the media have become commonplace and strongmen are on the rise. We have reached the age of post-truth, propaganda, and suppression of freedoms – especially in democracies. (Read More)

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